Russian Academy of Sciences

Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics

Seminars at the Landau Institute scientific council

Non-Born effects in scattering of electrons in clean quasi-one-dimensional conductors

26 October, the day after tomorrow in 11:30

A. S. Ioselevich, N. S. Peshcherenko

Quasi-one-dimensional systems demonstrate Van Hove singularities in the density of states $\nu_F$ and the resistivity $\rho$, occurring when the Fermi level $E$ crosses a bottom $E_N$ of some subband of transverse quantization. We demonstrate that the character of smearing of the singularities crucially depends on the concentration of impurities. There is a crossover concentration $n_c\propto |\lambda|$, $\lambda\ll 1$ being the dimensionless amplitude of scattering. For $n\gg n_c$ the singularities are simply rounded at $\varepsilon\equiv E-E_N\sim \tau^{-1}$ – the Born scattering rate. For $n\ll n_c$ the non-Born effects in scattering become essential, despite $\lambda\ll 1$. The peak of the resistivity is split: for $\varepsilon>0$ there is a broad maximum at $\varepsilon\propto \lambda^2$. For $\varepsilon\lt 0$ there is a deep minimum at $|\varepsilon|\propto n^2\ll \lambda^2$. The behaviour of $\rho$ below the minimum depends on the sign of $\lambda$. In case of repulsion $\rho$ monotonically grows with $|\varepsilon|$ and saturates for $|\varepsilon| \gg \lambda^2$. In case of attraction $\rho$ has sharp maximum at $|\varepsilon| \propto \lambda^2$. The latter feature is due to resonant scattering by quasistationary bound states that inevitably arise just below the bottom of each subband for any attracting impurity.

Electron-phonon cooling power in Anderson insulators

26 October, the day after tomorrow in 11:30

M. V. Feigel'man, V. E. Kravtsov

A theory for electron-phonon energy exchange in Anderson insulators with long localization length is developed. The major contribution to the cooling power as a function of electron temperature is shown to be directly related to the correlation function of the local density of electron states, which is enhanced near the localization transition by multi-fractality and by the presence of Mott's resonant pairs of states. The theory we develop explains huge enhancement of the cooling power observed in insulating Indium Oxide films as compared to predictions of standard theory for disordered metals

Two-temperature statistics of free energies in (1+1) directed polymers

2 November in 11:30

Victor Dotsenko

The joint statistical properties of two free energies computed at two different temperatures in the same sample of (1+1) directed polymers is studied in terms of the replica technique. The scaling dependence of the free energies differenceon the two temperatures $T_{1}$ and $T_{2}$ is derived. In particular, it is shown that if the two temperatures $T_{1} < T_{2}$ are close to each other the typical value of the fluctuating part of the free energies difference is proportional to $(1 - T_{1}/T_{2})^{1/3}$. It is also shown that the left tail asymptotics of this free energy difference probability distribution function coincides with the corresponding tail of the Tracy-Widom distribution.
Europhysics Letters, 116, 40004 (2016); arXiv:1703.04305

Poverkhnostnyi impedans na diffuznoi granitse kiral’nogo p-volnovogo sverkhprovodnika

9 November in 11:30

Ya.V. Fominov

Vychislena lokal’naya kompleksnaya provodimost’ i obuslovlennyi eyu poverkhnostnyi impedans na diffuznoi granitse kiral’nogo p-volnovogo sverkhprovodnika. Imenno kiral’noe p-volnovoe sostoyanie schitaetsya naibolee veroyatnym v sverkhprovodyashchem rutenate strontsiya Sr2RuO4. Ono anizotropnoe i pri etom polnost’yu shchelevoe (modul’ parametra poryadka fiksirovan, a faza zavisit ot napravleniya). My rassmatrivaem otklik na vneshnee elektromagnitnoe pole kak na podshchelevykh, tak i na nadshchelevykh chastotakh. Izucheny anomal’nye osobennosti poverkhnostnogo impedansa, svyazannye s generatsiei vblizi granitsy nechyotnykh po chastote sverkhprovodyashchikh korrelyatsii (sostoyanie tipa sverkhprovodimosti Berezinskogo). Teoreticheskie rezul’taty sopostavleny s izmereniyami poverkhnostnogo impedansa Sr2RuO4, provedyonnymi v IFTT. Nablyudaetsya kachestvennoe soglasie teorii i eksperimenta.
Doklad osnovan na rabote S. V. Bakurskiy, Ya. V. Fominov, A. F. Shevchun, Y. Asano, Y. Tanaka, M. Yu. Kupriyanov, A. A. Golubov, M. R. Trunin, H. Kashiwaya, S. Kashiwaya, and Y. Maeno, "Local impedance on a rough surface of a chiral p-wave superconductor", Phys. Rev. B 98, 134508 (2018).

Sverkhprovodyashchii spinovyi klapan v sistemakh so splavom Khoislera

9 November in 11:30 (short)

Ya.V. Fominov

Provedeno teoreticheskoe soprovozhdenie eksperimentov po izmereniyu effekta sverkhprovodyashchego spinovogo klapana v sisteme tipa FFS (gde F – ferromagnetik, S – sverkhprovodnik). Effekt sostoit v tom, chto kriticheskaya temperatura Tc sistemy zavisit ot vzaimnoi orientatsii namagnichennostei dvukh ferromagnetikov. V eksperimente v kachestve srednego F sloya byl vzyat splav Khoislera Co2Cr1−xFexAl, i eto pozvolilo usilit’ effekt (raznost’ Tc pri parallel’noi i antiparallel’noi orientatsii) po sravneniyu s ranee issledovannymi sistemami s zhelezom. Znak effekta zavisit ot tolshchiny sloya. Teoriya ob’yasnyaet poluchennye rezul’taty. Usilenie effekta okazyvaetsya svyazano s umen’shennoi velichinoi obmennogo polya v splave Khoislera.
Doklad osnovan na rabote: A.A. Kamashev, A.A. Validov, J. Schumann, V. Kataev, B. Büchner, Ya.V. Fominov, I.A. Garifullin, "Increasing the performance of a superconducting spin valve using a Heusler alloy", Beilstein J. Nanotechnol. 9, 1764 (2018).

TBA (kollokvium)

16 November in 11:30

Konstantin Postnov (GAISh MGU)

Mesoscopic supercurrent fluctuations in diffusive magnetic Josephson junctions

23 November in 11:30

P. A. Ioselevich, P. M. Ostrovsky, Ya. V. Fominov

We study the supercurrent in quasi-one-dimensional Josephson junctions with a weak link involving magnetism, either via magnetic impurities or via ferromagnetism. In the case of weak links longer than the magnetic pair-breaking length, the Josephson effect is dominated by mesoscopic fluctuations. We establish the supercurrent-phase relation (CPR) along with statistics of its sample-dependent properties in junctions with transparent contacts between leads and link. High transparency gives rise to the inverse proximity effect, while the direct proximity effect is suppressed by magnetism in the link. We find that all harmonics are present in the CPR. Each harmonic has its own sample-dependent amplitude and phase shift with no correlation between different harmonics. Depending on the type of magnetic weak link, the system can realize a \varphi_0 or \varphi junction in the fluctuational regime. Full supercurrent statistics is obtained at arbitrary relation between temperature, superconducting gap, and the Thouless energy of the weak link.

Probing spin susceptibility of a correlated two-dimensional electron system by transport and magnetization measurements

14 December in 11:30 (short)

I.S. Burmistrov

I report theoretical support of the data on measuring the spin susceptibility at different temperatures and electron concentrations in a two-dimensional electron system based on a silicon field-effect transistor in the group of V.M. Pudalov (Lebedev Institute). The short talk is based on the work of V. M. Pudalov, A. Yu. Kuntsevich, M.E. Gershenson, I.S. Burmistrov, and M. Reznikov, Phys. Rev. B 98, 155109 (2018).

A thermally driven spin-transfer-torque system far from equilibrium: enhancement of the thermoelectric current via pumping current

14 December in 11:30

I.S. Burmistrov

We consider a small itinerant ferromagnet exposed to an external magnetic field and strongly driven by a thermally induced spin current. For this model, we derive the quasi-classical equations of motion for the magnetization where the effects of a dynamical non-equilibrium distribution function are taken into account self-consistently. We obtain the Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert equation supplemented by a spin-transfer torque term of Slonczewski form. We identify a regime of persistent precessions in which we find an enhancement of the thermoelectric current by the pumping current. The talk is based on T. Ludwig, I.S. Burmistrov, Y. Gefen, A. Shnirman, "A thermally driven spin-transfer-torque system far from equilibrium: enhancement of the thermoelectric current via pumping current", arxiv:1808.01192

TBA

21 December in 11:30 (short)

B.G. Zakharov

Quantum corrections to conductivity of disordered electrons due to inelastic scattering off magnetic impurities

21 December in 11:30

I.S. Burmistrov

We study the quantum corrections to the conductivity of the two-dimensional disordered interacting electron system in the diffusive regime due to inelastic scattering off rare magnetic impurities. We focus on the case of very different g factors for electrons and magnetic impurities. Within the Born approximation for the inelastic scattering off magnetic impurities we find additional temperature-dependent corrections to the conductivity of the Altshuler-Aronov type. The talk is based on I. S. Burmistrov and E. V. Repin, Phys. Rev. B 98, 045414 (2018)

Magnetism of Bi2Se3 thin films with Eu-rich flat inclusions

21 December in 11:30 (short)

I.S. Burmistrov

I report about theoretical support of experimental data on the measurement of the magnetic properties of thin films of bismuth selenide doped with europium atoms, which form flat inclusions. The magnitudes of the various mechanisms of magnetic ordering are theoretically estimated. The estimates obtained are in satisfactory agreement with the experimental data. Report is based on the paper: L.N. Oveshnikov, Ya.I. Rodionov, K.I. Kugel, I.A. Karateev, A.L. Vasiliev, Yu.G. Selivanov, E.G. Chizhevskii, I.S. Burmistrov and B.A. Aronzon, "Magnetism of Bi2Se3 Thin Films with Eu-rich flat inclusions", J. Phys .: Condens. Matter 30, 445801 (2018)

Seminars are held on Fridays in the conference hall of Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics in Chernogolovka, beginning at 11:30.

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